It is used to improve skin texture. Chemical peels are categorized into three strengths: light, medium and deep. Glycolic acid is an ingredient with serious skin benefits, like reducing pigmentation, uneven texture, acne, and wrinkles. Rendon, M. I., Berson, D. S., Cohen, J. L., Roberts, W. E., Starker, I., & Wang, B. Consult with a dermatologist to find out what strength of chemical peel can best address your skin’s needs. A glycolic acid peel is an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) chemical exfoliation treatment. © 2020 Copyright Derm Collective. If you choose a salicylic acid peel, your skin will gain the extra benefit of temporarily producing less sebum, the oil that contributes to acne formation. Commonly found in the form of wipes, masks and serums, these products typically contain low concentrations of glycolic, lactic or salicylic acid. Industrially glycolic acid is used for removing rust and used in degreasing. On the other hand, professional peel … When used properly, the positive results can last for several months. Knowing the available options available can help you choose a chemical peel that will effectively address your skin concerns while minimizing the risk of unwanted side effects. This is why you will find that the higher percentage of glycolic acid is in a product, the less time it is recommended to leave it on. These have a low concentration of glycolic acid, which means fewer benefits for your skin, but, at the same time, fewer risks of side effects. Chemical peels involve applying a chemical solution to the face to improve the skin’s appearance in a number of ways. They include redness, swelling, crusting, itching and peeling. Once you ‘ve completed 8-10 treatments and are seeing good results, a maintenance treatment of one peel a month is all that’s needed. Glycolic acid can also dry up pimples, heal acne scars faster, improve discoloration, prevent ingrown hairs (red bumps in the armpit), improve your skin’s texture, and reduce chicken skin (keratosis pilaris) and hyperkeratosis. If yes, then a glycolic acid peel might be the treatment for you. The information on our website is intended for educational purposes only. A medium peel reduces small or shallow scars that develop due to acne lesions. 1. The dirt and bacteria that can clog pores is loosened, which makes the pores look smaller. However, unlike AHAs such as glycolic acid, lactic … As the molecules of glycolic acid are extremely tiny, they can The ingredients in your peel together with the length of time it is on the skin determine its strength, how much downtime it requires and what kind of results you can expect. Glycolic acid is a natural and highly effective way to exfoliate or refine the skin. Glycolic acid stimulates the rebuilding of skin cells, and this rapid regrowth results in a brighter, more even complexion. Your eyelids may swell shut and cysts and white spots can appear on your skin. These therapies offer similar results with far fewer side effects and risks and no post-procedure skin sensitivity. After a deep peel, you will experience burning, throbbing, redness and severe swelling. As a rule, types I–III (lighter skin) react well to all peel levels. Glycolic Acid Peel After Care Glycolic acid is a beauty buzzword that’s been doing the rounds for a while now. However, all strengths provide chemical peel benefits. Avoid products from untrustworthy online distributors labeled professional strength. Clinical, cosmetic and investigational dermatology, 8, 455–461. Just one light peel can reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation such as dark spots or freckles. The severity of side effects depends on the strength and length of the peel. Deep peels require sedation, have a long recovery time and carry risk of complications, but they offer dramatic results for issues related to scarring and sun damage. Evidence and considerations in the application of chemical peels in skin disorders and aesthetic resurfacing. Glycolic acid peels can help smooth fine lines, fade discoloration, and clear up pimples and blackheads by unhinging dead cells and debris from your pores. Deep peels penetrate the lower part of the dermis, known as the reticular dermis. A few days after the peel, skin will appear clearer and smoother. Once you have established which peels are safe for your skin, you can choose one according to the benefits it offers. Salicylic acid in low concentrations is the best peel to treat this particular issue. Glycolic acid peel benefits by gently exfoliating and revealing those newer skin cells, so that all the steps in your skincare routine are not just for a wasteful exercise. This acid is alpha hydroxy corrosive which is utilized as a part of substance peels. Glycolic acid peels can help to shrink the appearance of pores. Has a brightening effect. When used topically, this natural acid helps to remove dead skin cells, which can benefit many common skin concerns from acne to wrinkles (and many others in between). In this way, it helps accelerate your skin's renewal process, bringing fresh, new skin to the surface on a regular basis when used routinely. It is most effective for rolling or boxcar scars and can significantly improve skin smoothness. Here's how to use it in your routine. Due to the risk of permanent skin discoloration, deep peels are not recommended for people with dark skin. Do Any Creams Effectively Plump & Firm the Skin? Glycolic acid peels are recommended to shrink pores and improve the overall look of skin on your face and neck. Occasionally, medium peels can cause redness lasting several months. This new skin will be sensitive to sunlight and may be temporarily darker or lighter than your natural skin tone. While a deep peel can reduce deep scars caused by acne, it is not the most appropriate solution for this skin concern due to the permanent skin changes associated with the procedure. Medium-depth peels have usually been contraindicated for people with darker skin tones. The benefits of glycolic peel for face are endless. It stimulates natural collagen production, and thus helps in reducing the appearance of wrinkles & fine lines over time. [Updated 2019 Sep 19]. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2921757/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK547752/?report=classic, Dark Circles Under Eyes: Causes and Proven Treatments, Dark Eyelids: Causes, Treatments, Best Creams, Remedies and More, How to Choose the Best Cleanser for Acne and Use It Effectively, Lines Under Eyes: Causes, Prevention, and How to Get Rid of Them, Lip Wrinkles: Best Treatments and Preventative Measures, Blackheads in the Ears: How to Safely and Effectively Get Rid of Them. Peels can also cause a flare-up of the herpes virus, which causes cold sores. Whether you're considering your first peel or are a seasoned expert, the tips below will help you maximize the results of your peel before, during and after. Shan holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Fordham University in New York City. Medium peels can yield more dramatic results but may require up to two weeks of downtime, while deep peels are a more serious treatment that can call for sedation, regular follow-up visits with a doctor and more than a month of recovery, plus the possibility of permanent changes to your skin’s tone and inability to tan. Universal Trichloroacetic Acid Peel Technique for Light and Dark Skin. It works by peeling the skin, decreasing the presence of barely recognizable differences, wrinkles and age spots. Extended exposure to the sun can cause discoloration and dark spots on the surface of your skin. Part of the alpha hydroxyl family of natural ingredients, glycolic acid is derived from sugar cane and is a fruit acid. By two weeks after the procedure, new skin will cover the treated area. Glycolic Acid Peel For a low-commitment, no downtime way to get your skin looking gorgeous, an in-office glycolic acid peel is a terrific option. Glycolic Acid Peel: The Benefits & How to Use It As summer ends in a few weeks we’re guessing you’ll want to fix any effects of your sun-damaged, acneic, or line-filled skin to reveal a flawless, fresher, and brighter complexion. When it removes that top layer of skin, the fresh, new layer is visible. Prescription products and skin peels contain anywhere from 20 to 70 percent glycolic acid, while over-the-counter products only contain 10 percent. The dull and damaged top layer of the skin is exfoliated taking away the tan with it. Medium peels cannot, however, treat deep ice pick scars or raised, keloid scars. The dirt and bacteria that can clog pores is loosened, which makes the pores look smaller. Glycolic acid is commonly used to unclog pores and treat acne, says Debra Jaliman, M.D., the assistant professor of dermatology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. Glycolic acid is indeed an acid, and for this reason, it can really irritate sensitive skin. We do not provide medical diagnosis, advice, or treatments. Sunspots, freckles, melasma and other forms of hyperpigmentation can be treated with a medium peel with greater results than a light peel can offer. However, the side effects are mild enough that you should not have to take time off from your regular activities. Benefits of using a Lactic acid and glycolic acid peel on your skin Glycolic acid peels are the most common alpha-hydroxy acid peels used by dermatologists. Castillo, D. E., & Keri, J. E. (2018). (2010). Glycolic acid offers the same benefits as lactic acid but at a greater strength than lactic acid. Because it’s a powerful exfoliant, it can visibly reduce signs of aging and hyperpigmentation … Other benefits of AHAs like lactic acid include improved skin tone and reduced pore appearance. Chemical peels can be performed at home; however, administering a peel without professional guidance is not without risk. Chemical peels using glycolic acid are commonly used to treat acne, to lighten skin discoloration, and for anti-aging benefits. Although glycolic acid has numerous industrial uses, it is commonly known for its positive effects on the skin. International journal of women’s dermatology, 2(1), 31–34. Treatment of lateral canthal rhytides with a medium depth chemical peel with or without pretreatment with onabotulinum toxin type A: a randomized control trial. JAMA facial plastic surgery, 19(3), 212–219. Medium peels penetrate the papillary dermis, below the epidermis, to treat deeper skin concerns that can’t be resolved by light peels. Rather, they’re going to penetrate the skin better for their effects to work beautifully. Arif T. (2015). Chemical peels are effective in improving the skin’s appearance by reducing acne scars, hyperpigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles. Cosmetically, Glycolic acid is used as a natural moisturizer and skin exfoliant. However, just because it is stronger doesn’t always make it the better way to repair scars, fine lines, skin texture and complexion Clinical, cosmetic and investigational dermatology, 11, 365–372. Medium peels reduce wrinkles around the eyes and mouth. Apart from this, there are many benefits of using glycolic acid on the skin. Glycolic acid peels expose a fresh layer of skin and less the appearance of sun-related spots. Chemical peels in the treatment of acne: patient selection and perspectives. Deep chemical peels carry the highest risk of infection. During a glycolic acid peel, chemicals seep into the epidermis and remove the dead skin cells on the surface. Light peels carry few risks: compared to stronger peels, the likelihood of infection is very low. Leigh Shan has been writing about beauty, health, fitness, home and small businesses since 2007. Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid used in varying amounts in skin care products. These products have not been approved for safe at-home use and carry a high risk of chemically burning your skin. The safest at-home options are products found in pharmacies or beauty supply stores. The efficacy and safety of a chemical peel is determined by your Fitzpatrick skin type, a system that categorizes skin by its tendency to burn or tan. Medium Chemical Peel Benefits Medium peels penetrate the papillary dermis, below the epidermis, to treat deeper skin concerns that can’t be resolved by light peels. The peels are administered by a dermatologist or an aesthetician, or they can be done at home using an over-the-counter product. When applied to the skin, it helps to remove the glue that holds the older, rougher and dryer skin on the surface. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019 Jan-. Though effective, glycolic acid peels may have side effects and longer recovery periods than other resurfacing treatments. Samargandy S, Raggio BS. You can get glycolic peel treatments at home to maintain your skin health over time. Some of the most common acids and the strengths they are used for include: A light chemical peel penetrates the topmost layer of the epidermis, the stratum corneum, to improve the skin’s appearance on a superficial level. To maintain these effects, it may be necessary to repeat the glycolic acid peel every three to four months. Skin Resurfacing Chemical Peels. To understand how glycolic acid can help your skin, it’s The peel penetrates deeply into the skin to remove accumulated damage. Glycolic acid peels are often used to treat acne and acne scars. Glycolic acid peels can help to shrink the appearance of pores. Glycolic Acid Skin Benefits Glycolic acid is an exfoliator, which means that it safely removes the outer layer of dead skin cells. “Glycolic acid helps to separate the connections between keratinocytes [skin cells] in the outer layers of skin without rough, mechanical exfoliation techniques and … A light peel can reduce the appearance of small acne lesions in the skin. A medium peel effectively reverses sun damage for a more youthful appearance. However, one 2017 study established an application protocol for medium TCA peels that is safe for all skin tones. After a light peel, you may experience a day of redness and light sensitivity. While both of them are capable of treating similar conditions and result in improving the texture and tone of the skin, it is essential to choose between them based on the sensitivity of … If you have had cold sores in the past, you may be prescribed an antiviral before your procedure. Glycolic acid peels have a cumulative effect and are recommended once every other week for a total of 8-10 treatments. The benefits of a Glycolic Peel are compounded, meaning once you have done one peel your second, third and fourth peel will improve an already improved skin. The ideal candidate is someone who wants to resolve minor issues with little to no recovery time required. On the other end of the spectrum, DIY recipes such as applying milk to your face for the lactic acid are essentially harmless, but may take months of consistent use to see results. Glycolic acid peels can help to shrink the appearance of pores. Which Chemical Peel Is Best for Your Skin? Wrinkles, crow’s feet, marionette lines and age spots can all be reduced or eliminated by a deep peel. Many look to glycolic peels as a way to reduce wrinkles and other symptoms of aging. TCA or Jessner’s solution can each be administered separately for this purpose, but recent research has determined that they are most effective when used together. During a glycolic acid peel, chemicals seep into the epidermis and remove the dead skin cells on the surface. Consult with your dermatologist to determine whether a medium peel is suitable for your skin. These products require consistent use to see results but have a much lower cost than an in-office treatment. It can help with skin care issues such as acne, skin texture, hyperpigmentation, and the effects of aging. Glycolic acid works to strengthen deep layers of your skin, which helps to soften fine lines and gives your face a fresh, more plump appearance. A glycolic acid molecule is extremely small, enabling it to penetrate the skin more easily and deliver powerful results. It is known to improve the health and appearance of skin by improving its … The ideal candidate for this peel has skin issues such as deep scars or wrinkles that cannot be treated by milder peels or other skin resurfacing techniques. Glycolic acid peels are a type of chemical peel, which are used as a resurfacing treatment. Glycolic acid is currently a popular treatment for winkles and acne. Known for its ability to tackle a range of skin problems, including acne, premature ageing and skin pigmentation, glycolic acid is found in a range of … Although results from at-home products are not as dramatic as those from a professional peel, these products are less expensive than an in-office treatment and can improve your skin’s appearance if consistently incorporated into your skin care routine. Her work has been published in "The Queens Courier," "Queens Business Today" and "The Real Deal" newspapers, as well as "The World Scholar" magazine. A good candidate for a medium peel is someone with skin issues such as acne scarring, melasma, hyperpigmentation or any of the various signs of aging. Made up of a derivative of sugar cane, glycolic acid peels are a medium-grade form of chemical peel, meaning that they target the epidermis of your skin rather than penetrating down to the deeper layers 1. The result is a brighter, more even complexion. Side effects include temporary redness, mild peeling and light sensitivity that resolve after a few days. Your new skin will remain sensitive to sun exposure and likely lose the ability to tan. While glycolic acid is often administered as a peel, using a glycolic acid cream can deliver greater benefit, since it is left on to be absorbed by the skin. because of the risk of permanent skin discoloration. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Types IV–VI have a higher risk of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation or permanent skin lightening and should avoid deep peels. Pores appear enlarged when they are clogged with dirt and bacteria, resulting in blackheads. By delivering a stronger dose of glycolic acid than many over-the-counter acne treatments contain, the peel targets problem areas and removes layers of breakout-causing dirt, bacteria and dead skin cells from your face and neck. Salicylic acid as a peeling agent: a comprehensive review. 4 BENEFITS OF GLYCOLIC ACID Now that we know what glycolic acid is derived from, let’s understand the benefits that result from its use. The Benefits of Using Glycolic Acid Glycolic Acid for Acne-prone Skin You’ve probably heard by now that the build-up of dead skin cells combined with excess sebum and acne-causing bacteria is the main reason why acne occurs in the first place. Light peels offer milder results but have no downtime. As an alternative to professional chemical peels, you can try at-home peeling agents found at pharmacies and beauty supply stores. They are available in varying strengths, using different types of acids, some of which are better suited for some skin types than others. Available from: Tung, R., Mahoney, A. M., Novice, K., Kamalpour, L., Dubina, M., Hancock, M., & Krol, C. (2016). You’ll schedule several follow-up visits with your doctor to ensure that the healing process goes smoothly. Apart from its cosmetic uses, a deep chemical peel can be used to remove precancerous growths from the skin. A good candidate for a medium peel is someone with skin issues such as acne scarring, melasma, hyperpigmentation or any of the various signs of aging. “It leads to greater brightness, smoothness, and overall luminescence of the skin,” says Dr. Nelson Lee Novick, a dermatologic surgeon in New York City. These side effects should resolve after about two weeks. In: StatPearls [Internet]. There are many different types of chemical peels at the dermatologist’s office. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology, 3(7), 32–43. If you have sensitive skin, these side effects may be more pronounced. Because they penetrate more deeply into the skin, a medium peel carries a higher risk of infection than a light peel; however, they are still considered quite safe. How to Remove Dark Spots From Razor Bumps & Ingrown Hairs, American Academy of Dermatology: Chemical Peels, Allure: At-Home Facial Peels: 4 Things You Need To Know. If you were getting this treatment at a doctor’s office, he or she would use a glycolic-acid peel that is 40 to 50% glycolic acid. For best results, the peel can be repeated after a few months, but a considerable change in appearance can be achieved after only one treatment. Some acids are used for only one type of peel, while others can be used for multiple types depending on the concentration used. Since you are at home, you need a solution of 20- 30% with a pH of 2.8-3.0 until you know how your The glycolic acid peel is considered to be stronger than the lactic acid one, as it penetrates deeper into the dermis. It rejuvenates the skin and helps in the skin regeneration process. Whether you choose a light, medium or deep peel depends on the severity of the skin issues you want to address. Pores appear enlarged when they are clogged with dirt and bacteria, resulting in blackheads. When used correctly, they’re considered safe and cause no downtime for people who get them. Therefore, your skin must be regularly covered with sunscreen for life. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Instead, other treatments are recommended such as laser therapy and microdermabrasion. Mandelic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid that’s gentle on the skin. Here are the Glycolic acid peel benefits – It is termed as a ‘lunchtime peel’ because of the short duration it requires to complete the treatment. Fanous, N., & Zari, S. (2017). In some instances, they may lighten the skin by exfoliating dark spots, but it is also possible for a peel to darken skin by triggering post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Its this layer thats without damage and which looks fresher. Maybe you’ve heard of a glycolic peel or even experienced one before. Use skin care products containing glycolic acid.