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Trees growing in open, sunny areas such as around homes and along roadsides seem to be preferred and frequently suffer the heaviest browning. Summary Foliage: Small glossy-green saw-toothed leaves, yellow fall colour Bark: White, non-peeling bark that turns black with age Height: 40 to 50 feet Spread: 10 to 30 feet Full sun. The Japanese monarch birch (B. maximowicziana) is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially in the plywood industry. Smooth in … This species has white bark that peels slightly. Download European white birch stock photos. The flowers are catkins and the light, winged seeds get widely scattered by the wind. Our trees. Inconspicuous;  male flowers in cylindrical catkins; females also in a cylindrical structure, but much smaller. The ornamental European white birch and its cut-leaf varieties are attacked by both of these sawflies. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. This species has white bark that peels slightly. [5], The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan, the Sakha Republic in Siberia, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang province in China, and southwards to the mountains of the Caucasus and northern Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. The University of California recommends planting birch species that are less susceptible to leafminers, such as river birch (B. nigra) and European white birch (B. pendula). A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. Weeping white birch, or silver birch as it is also called, is the European birch, Betula pendula. Our communities. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. [1][11] B. szaferi was previously considered extinct in the wild on the Red List, but is now considered a form of B. pendula with the presence of a mutant gene, causing it to grow weakly and fruit heavily. [9], B. pendula is considered a species of least concern by the IUCN Red List. Fenusa pusilla, on the other hand prefers gray birch or gray birch hybrids. Watch for leaf spot problems. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Also known as silver birch, the European white birch (Betula pendula) is a tall, slender tree that grows up to 50 feet tall, producing long, swaying branches lined with triangular, tooth-edged leaves. This deciduous tree has a pyramidal form when young, maturing into a rounded crown with arched branches and drooping branchlets. Its drooping branches give it a "weeping willow" appearance, and together with its vertically fissured bark make this tree a visually interesting addition to the garden. "Lack of Evidence for Impact of the European White Birch, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194831A2363997.en, "HOSTS – a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "Suomen kansallistunnukset (Finland's national emblems)", "Perinteinen saunavihta (Traditional sauna vihta)". [4], The leaves have short, slender stalks and are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, triangular with broad, untoothed, wedge-shaped bases, slender pointed tips, and coarsely double-toothed, serrated margins. Avoid pruning in spring as birches are bleeders and will lose large quantities of sap. This allows a variety of mosses, grasses, and flowering plants to grow beneath, which in turn attract insects. The trunk is slender, with white bark featuring black diamond-shaped lenticels. [5] Some shoots are long and bear the male catkins at the tip, while others are short and bear female catkins. Bark can be heated and the resin collected; the resin is an excellent waterproof glue and useful for starting fires. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. [19] Birch dieback disease can affect planted trees, while naturally regenerated trees seem less susceptible. Many North American texts treat the two species as conspecific (and cause confusion by combining the downy birch's alternative vernacular name 'white birch', with the scientific name B. pendula of the other species), but they are regarded as distinct species throughout Europe. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. FOOTAGE. Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), European white birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Fruits are small, winged nutlets held in pendulous catkins. Birch leaf has a history of use for its healthful qualities in traditional herbal practices. The tree can also be found in more temperate regions of Australia. The wood is often used for pulpwood and firewood. The European white birch (B. pendula, sometimes erroneously called B. alba), also known as silver birch or common birch, has slender, drooping branches and small, sharp-pointed leaves about 6 cm (2 inches) long.It may grow to a height of 15 m on light soils. It makes a good firewood, but is quickly consumed by the flames. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. The Birch is botanically called Betula pendula. Purple Rain® European White Birch Betula pendula 'Monle' Sku #1236. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. [4][6], Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. The… Read More Light Needs. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. Some of the popular common names of the plants are Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch, East Asian white birch, bed wen, birk tree, lady birch, lady of the woods and weeping birch. Slabs of bark are used for making roof shingles and strips are used for handicrafts such as wooden footwear and small containers. European White Birch is an ideal landscape tree for parks and gardens. On older trees, the trunk becomes black. Flowering plants often found in birch woods include primrose (Primula vulgaris), violet (Viola riviniana), bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa), and wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella). [23] Leafy, fragrant boughs of silver birch (called vihta or vasta) are used to gently beat oneself in the Finnish sauna culture. [20] This disease also affects B. pubescens and in 2000 was reported at many of the sites planted with birch in Scotland during the 1990s. Sku #1230. Dark green leaves are rhomboid in shape. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. The European birch is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, dieback and Marssonina leaf spot. This tree has an attractive pendulous habit. [8], The branches of the silver birch often have tangled masses of twigs known as witch's brooms growing among them, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina. It is believed that the name “Birch” comes from the Indo-European word “bhereo”which means glossy white. It is noted for attracting wildlife. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. As this blog makes clear, it is very pest prone, and since gardeners mostly stopped using strong insecticides, it is very difficult to keep a tree alive for more than a few years. [4] Historically, the bark was used for tanning. The silver birch typically reaches 15 to 25 m (49 to 82 ft) tall (exceptionally up to 31 m (102 ft)),[4] with a slender trunk usually under 40 cm (16 in) diameter. The twigs are slender and often pendulous and the leaves are roughly triangular with doubly serrate margins and turn yellow in autumn before they fall. European white birch, silver birch, warty birch, weeping birch. It has been introduced to North America and planted as an ornamental, it is considered invasive in some areas of the U.S and Canada. Infected trees exhibit symptoms such as brown blotches or spots on the leaves, severe defoliation, a weakened immune system and stunted leaf … At maturity, lovely contrast occurs between purple foliage and white bark. European white birch. The European white birch (B. pendula, sometimes erroneously called B. alba), also known as silver birch or common birch, has slender, drooping branches and small, sharp-pointed leaves about 6 cm (2 inches) long. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Water Needs. Leaf Systems International Limited, trading as Leaf Expression Systems is a company registered in England and Wales with Company Number 9351695 [6], Several varieties of B. pendula are no longer accepted, including B. pendula var. The main components in the essential oil of the buds are α-copaene (~10%), germacrene D (~15%), and δ-cadinene (~13%). It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasivein some states in the … Browse the curated collection and add your voice! European white birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. Old trees are often killed by the decay fungus Piptoporus betulinus and fallen branches rot rapidly on the forest floor. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch,[2] or East Asian white birch,[3] is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. The dead twigs are also useful as kindling for outdoor fires. We studied the between-tree and within-tree variation in the composition and content of foliar low-molecular-weight phenolics (LMWP) of European white birch (Betula pendula Roth) during the unfolding of vegetative buds and during early leaf development. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Leaf mar, gins are double serrated, leaf tip is long and pointed, Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. In Scandinavia and other regions of northern Europe, it is grown for forest products such as lumber and pulp, as well as for aesthetic purposes and ecosystem services. This tree has an attractive pendulous habit. [9] It is naturalised and locally invasive in parts of Canada. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. 'Youngii' has dense, twiggy, weeping growth with no central leader and requires being grafted onto a standard stem of normal silver birch. "Identification and isolation of pharmacologically active triterpenes in Betuale cortex, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_pendula&oldid=990636506, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus.

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