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In light of many factors, including the burgeoning literature on potential risks of infections in acid-suppressed children and adults, caution with dose and duration of acid-suppressive drugs in children is urged. The latter is a well-established risk fac-, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0149-2918(03)80083-8, http://www.ayubmed.edu.pk/JAMC/24-3/Othman.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aju.2016.03.003, https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.181424, https://doi.org/10.3109/14659891.2011.615002, https://doi.org/10.18773/austprescr.2003.063, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2013.07.005, . 658 / RWP) Nov 17, 2020 Imposition of penalty amount Rs. Therefore, awareness campaigns are needed to promote student's use of antibiotics in young generations particularly among the pre-professional health sciences students. The researchers found that, more than three quarters of visited pharmacies sold antibiotics to, consumers without prescriptions. Al-Rukban, M.O., Khalil, M.A., 2012. There was no history of smoking, analgesic use, alcohol intake, and risk factors for chronic liver disease. The local gen-, eric (G1) was the 3rd in the top ten list of the most commonly used, antibiotic from 2010 to 2015 with steady increase. Current research and surveillance efforts on antimicrobial resistance and hospital-associated infections in low-resource settings are extremely limited and largely focused on intensive care units. that the top utilized medication class in, ). However, about 36% of the students incorrectly thought that antibiotics are also used to treat viral infections, while 28.5% were not sure. Growing differences between medicare beneficiaries. The Saudi Arabia OTC Drugs Market has been estimated as 732.17 million in 2018 with a growing potential of 9.2%. Alcohol use is illegal in Saudi Arabia, and possession or use of alcohol or drugs can be punished by public flogging, fines, lengthy imprisonment, or death. Penalties for drug offences are notoriously severe, with around one person thought to be executed for drug … For the benefit of the patients, if pharmacist needs to change a brand for generic medicine, should be permitted by law. Later, the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA) became a full member in the Uppsala monitoring center (UMC) of the WHO [10,11]. You can also find 24-hour pharmacies in hospitals, in addition to independent pharmacies elsewhere.You will be able to find a pharmacy near clinics or medical centers. Over-utilization of diclofenac is worrisome since, this drug has been linked to risk of cardiovascular disease espe-, cially when used with high doses and for long duration (, authorities to request risk minimization measures including con-, traindication in patient with established congestive heart failure, (NYHA II-IV), ischemic heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, It has been noticed from study results that two antibiotics con-, sistently appeared in the top 10 utilized drugs in Saudi. Most of them n = 305 (90.5%) obtained medicine through prescription. 22 (1), 27–31. Many studies indicate, an excessive use and a considerable waste of medicines. IMS Health is an American com-, pany that provides information, services and technology for the, healthcare industry. Physicians medication prescribing in primary care in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia. Conclusion Diabetes Metab. to 2002. On the other hand, the effect of insurance. There are an, antibiotic close to top ten list showed a notable increasing in usage, The use of two proton pump inhibitors (pantoprazole and, esomeprazole) was high in Saudi from 2010 to 2015 and shared, the same level of consuming in 2011 and 2014. Use of PPI for SUP was evaluated in 67 patients. 20 (8), 697–702. Care 46 (8), 847–862. Results and Conclusions: The overall response rate was 78.9%. Med. Alzahrani, M.A., Ghamdi, B.A., Al ahmari, A.S., Alqahtani, E.A., Saleh, A.G., Ahmed, M. In years, from 2010 to 2013 the top prescribed medication amongst all. The causes of this overuse vary according, to the studies concerned between the self-medications and the over-prescription of the medication, and the failure of the diagnostic and treatment procedures (malpractice). The term ‘’Over the counter’’ mentions to pharmaceuticals, which are bought across the counter without any need of physicians prescription. Sharma, L., Bhasker, S., Bhasker, S., 2015. Focusing on prescribing drugs not OTC is the main. The prevalence of prescription drug use increased in the majority of, but not all, drug classes. Saudi Arabia has carried out nearly 600 executions since the beginning of 2014, over 200 of them in drug cases. Arabia’s community pharmacies: regulations without implementation. Results: Nearly 63% of the students had a moderate level of knowledge. Diabetes mellitus type 2 and other chronic non-. Have a cookie It is important to document patterns of prescription drug use to inform both clinical practice and research. You can of course change your mind and withdraw your consent at any time, by returning to this site after clearing the cookies on your computer or device. Ahire, K., Manish, S., Mahesh, G., Vinay, S., Meera, S., 2013. 30.1.3. ), the irresponsible self-medication is common in Saudi Arabia. Generics - equal or not? Conclusions: G1 ASC, hardness, and friability were 111.3% (1.7%), 20.1 (1.7) kg, and 1.10%, respectively. This service is particularly common in the oil and gas industry. To identify the criteria of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5i) users and to analyse the knowledge, attitude, and practices of PDE5i use amongst Saudi men. Inappropriate use of antimicrobials has led to development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) which has been associated with increased mortality, morbidity and health costs. Saudi Arabian Drug Store Company Limited (SADS) was founded in 1956 to supply the high quality health care products from world’s top notch pharmaceutical manufacturing companies to the people of Saudi Arabia. inal brand usage dropped heavily in 2015. This class repre-, sents 67% of the top used drugs in Saudi Arabia. The trend of the top 10 sold drugs in KSA during the years 2010-2015 (the volume unit is Million). Foreigners who use cannabis might be deported. They also reported that majority, of those who dispensed antibiotics without prescription recom-, mend the antibiotics to the patients without direct request from, study showed that most commonly sold drugs without prescrip-, tions in Riyadh were antibiotics and analgesics (. For sale: physicians’ prescribing data. Rules and laws on drugs and alcohol in Saudi Arabia, Blood tests for drugs and alcohol in Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia: Unified Government Services, books on manufacturing such drinks or foods with alcohol or extracts as an ingredient. Introduction: In general practice, approximately two-thirds of antibiotic prescriptions are for respiratory tract infections. This helpful guide looks at the Kingdom’s drugs and alcohol policy – and what expats moving there need to know. The data was collected using a survey including questions about demographic data and information about clinicians' (physicians, pharmacists and nurses) previous experience with AMS and prescribing of antibiotics, the level of knowledge and attitudes regarding AMS programs' implementation. The objective of the current study was to determine the prevalence and practice of unused and expired medicine among Saudi adults. In 2003, the UNODC rated Saudi Arabia as third globally in its measures to fight drug … Furthermore, it appears that internal policy and guidelines need revision to ensure that the health care providers work consistently with AMS. coverage in type and number of medication should be considered. Saudi Arabia’s government is an Islamic monarchy and is governed in compliance with Sharia law. Saudi Arabia’s government is an Islamic monarchy and is governed in compliance with Sharia law. Conclusion: Even if generic medicines are going to be made available free of cost at the government hospitals the war of prices between branded and generic may not stop. Seven NHANES cycles were included (1999-2000 to 2011-2012), and the sample size per cycle ranged from 4861 to 6212. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 26 (2018) 211–216, picture. Conclusion Aims: This paper investigated the situations in which patients ask a pharmacist for advice and the factors that affect the patients′ decisions for asking advice from a pharmacist in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Many pharmacies in Saudi Arabia will sell certain medications without the need for a prescription and this includes antibiotics. Linder, J.A., Daniel, E.S., 2003. Many challenges exist to improving antibiotic use and infection control in resource-limited settings, and turning the tide requires intensifying research and surveillance, antimicrobial stewardship, and developing new bedside diagnostic tools for bacterial infections and antimicrobial susceptibility. Over-the-counter medicine abuse – a review of the literature. 3816 / RWP) Nov 17, 2020 Closure of complaint against M/s Iqbal Manpower Consultants (OEPL No. A total of 538 out of 707 consumers attending community pharmacies in Riyadh city, agreed to participate in the study. About n = 219 (65%) of them keep the medicine until it expired; 48.1% throw away in the household garbage while only 18 (5.4%) of the respondents said to give it back to the medical store. 18, 795–801, Lindsley, C.W., 2012. The vast majority of the remainder were … However, majority of them agreed that selling controlled drugs is unethical in a community pharmacy. While completing my visa application, I signed the "Saudi Laws and Regulations" form that states: "I am fully aware that the crime of smuggling narcotics and other illegal drugs into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia … It has been associated with sexual dysfunction, both in males and in females. Arch. Materials and Methods: A pre-tested structured questionnaire was administered to a sample of 680 patients on a voluntary basis who purchased OTC medicines at various five private pharmacies located in different areas of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 337 questionnaires were obtained during the study period. • The Saudi pharmaceutical market is one of the largest in the Middle East and constitutes 65 percent of the GCC, which includes Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait and … To evaluate in vitro quality of enteric-coated 50 mg diclofenac sodium tablet formulations on Saudi market. The recommendations are the strict application of prescribed and non-prescribed dispensing systems and the further establishment and application of national guides in the diagnosis and treatment of communicable diseases. The Saudi Arabia OTC Drugs Market has been estimated as 732.17 million in 2018 with a growing potential of 9.2%. Diclofenac prod-, ucts were amongst top four drugs from 2010 to 2015. On proton pump inhibitors and histamine- 2 receptor blockers (H2RB), diagnostic yield of both RUT and, The single biggest change in the approach to treating pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in recent years has been the empiric use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for symptoms suspected to be those of GERD. For G2-7, they were ≤ ±5%, 98.6% (4.0%) to 109.9% (1.8%), 11.9 (0.9) to 18.3 (0.8) kg, and ≤ 0.00 to 0.75%, respectively. Female sexual function appears to be more related to social and psychological components than to the physiological consequence of diabetes. The most important caveats relate to the prescription of empiric PPI therapy in infants--which generally is to be avoided--and to how PPIs are used in older children--specifically, the advisability of empiric trials being of limited duration. Non-prescription antimicrobial use worldwide: a systematic review. heartburn. The age adjusted Death Rate is 1.24 per 100,000 of population ranks Saudi Arabia #79 in the world. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Background: Comparison of the most commonly used drugs with those in the United States aims at clarifying similarities and differences. The former for smuggling cannabis, illegal opiates, and amphetamines, and the latter for trafficking heroin. 36 (3): 328-334doi: 10.15537/smj.2015.3.10523. Materials and methods In these patients, polymerase chain reaction for H. pylori is more sensitive than RUT and histology. To evaluate the use of proton‐pump inhibitors (PPIs) for treatment of different gastric disease in Saudi population and their related administration cost. Community pharmacy consumers’ perspectives, Self-medication and the advisory role of pharmacists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, The Consequences of Nonprescription Medication Sales in Saudi Arabia’s Community Pharmacies: Regulations without Implementation, Diabetes and sexual dysfunction: Current perspectives, A survey based study in current scenario of generic and branded medicines, Trends in Prescription Drug Use Among Adults in the United States From 1999-2012, Variations in Patients??? You can also find 24-hour pharmacies in hospitals, in addition to independent pharmacies elsewhere.You will be able to find a pharmacy near clinics or medical centers. Conclusion: Bin Abdulhak, A.A., Al Tannir, M.A., Almansor, M.A., Almohaya, M.S., Onazi, A.S., Marei, M.A., Aldossary, O.F., et al., 2011. To emphasize, anyone found dealing in drugs in Saudi Arabia is liable for the death penalty. Comparison of the most commonly used drugs with those in the United States aims at clarifying similarities and differences. Aljadhey, H., Assiri, G.A., Mahmoud, M.A., Al-Aqeel, S., Murray, M., 2015. Top 10 most used drugs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2010–2015, Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), P.O. Medications usage has become a significant part of contemporary life. The most common prescription medications dispensed without prescriptions were antibiotics (22%) and analgesics/antipyretics (19%). More stringent rules and regulation are required for making the drugs available at reasonable cost for the masses. A total of 53 patients (79%) had no risk factors for SUP. The Saudi Arabia’s interior […] 36 (3), 328–334. Interventions to reduce. community pharmacists in Saudi Arabia. Some doctors prescribe antibiotics to patients, based on incorrect diagnosis (for instance, viral upper respiratory, can be even complicated by lack of adherence to the prescribed, antibiotic therapy by some of patients, increasing risk of antibiotic, tigated selling pattern of antibiotics in community pharmacies in, Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia. Home › Community Welfare › Drugs materials, Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances prohibited in Saudi Arabia Ummul Qura News Paper, Friday, Rajabb 1437 corresponding to 08/04/2016 Resolutions and systems Associations between qualitative variables were observed using Pearson Chi-square and Fisher Exact test. All Workshops . Saudi Arabia The sale of drugs in Saudi Arabia almost always results in the death penalty. Results: Trends in, prescription drug use among adults in the United States from 1999–2012. We hypothesize that these observed differences in the functional mechanisms of T2D across populations can also explain the common use of different prescription drugs in different populations. Of the participants, 186 (55.2%) checked the expiry date of the medicine before they purchase. Adherence to medication. The role of antireflux surgery is also mentioned. Antibiotic resistance is a global crisis driven by appropriate and inappropriate antibiotic use to treat human illness and promote animal growth. For example, the misuse of, antibiotics may lead to serious complications that can affect the, patient and increase multi-resistant organisms within the commu-, nity. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. Alqurashi et al., 2011; Al-Daghri et al., 2011. Objective: This descriptive study aims at identifying the most used medicines in Saudi Arabia from 2010 to 2015 according to the statistics of specialized companies in the field. Moral hazard in physician prescription behavior. Despite strict laws forbidding drugs and alcohol in Saudi Arabia, including severe penalties for the import, manufacture, possession, and consumption of alcohol or illegal drugs, there is still widespread use throughout the country.. Al-Daghri, N.M., Al-Attas, O.S., Alokail, M.S., Alkharfy, K.M., Mansour, Y., Shaun, L.S., George, P.C., 2011. IMS Health’s products and services are used by companies, to develop commercialization plans and portfolio strategies, to. A reference and seven generic (G1-7) formulations were commercially available in December 2019/January 2020 and were assessed within 25-75% of manufacture-expiration period. The most commonly used PDE5i was tadalafil (46.1%) and most of the users (79.9%) reported improvement in their sexual activity after PDE5i usage. Objective: Method: By survey of Jan Aushadhi Stores price list and other resources by the authors it is found that there is a vast difference between prices of branded and generic medicines. However, esomeprazole was the higher in 2015. Overprescription of SUP is not devoid of risks. Saudi Arabia has strict rules against people involved in dealing with narcotics and drugs. There are several disadvantages of using drugs or narcotics on the body, human behavior […] Almost one-third of the respondents (123, 30.4%) were not aware of the existence of the Saudi OTC-Directory. Box 11623, Riyadh 11544, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Food and Drug Authority, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Radiology Resident, Radiology Dep., King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Cente (KFSHRC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Orthopaedic Resident, Orthopaedics Dep., King Saud Medical City (KSMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Ophthalmology Resident, Ophthalmology Dep., Security Forces Hospital (SFH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Medications usage has become a significant part of contemporary life. However, the local generic (especially G1) product of diclofenac, showed gradual increasing in usage throughout the years which, result in leading analgesics class in 2014 and after while the orig-. Moreover, diabetic people may present several clinical conditions, including hypertension, overweight and obesity, metabolic syndrome, cigarette smoking, and atherogenic dyslipidemia, which are themselves risk factors for sexual dysfunction, both in men and in women. with and without drug coverage. The world medicines situation 2011 rational use of, IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics, 2016. Most of the PDE5i users (92.3%) had knowledge about PDE5i and 84.1% of them bought it without medical prescription. In fact, those found guilty can expect lengthy prison sentences, heavy fines, public floggings, and possibly deportation. Int. Saudi Arabia and judicial authorities are not inclined to make exceptions. Of these, 149 (49%) medications should be dispensed by prescription only, and 155 (51%) were over the counter medications. Finally, recommendations based on the results will be, In this descriptive study, we use Intercontinental Marketing, Services (IMS), a health drug database, has been used to determine, the top 10 used drugs in the KSA. RESULTS: N ow believed to be living under legal shelter in Saudi Arabia, Prince Nayef was accused by France of using his diplomatic status to sneak the drugs onto a jet belonging to the Saudi royal family. Saudi Med J 2015; Vol. The results showed that the use of antibiotics and analgesics still accounted for the bulk, followed by proton pump inhibitors and anti-diabetics respectively, then anti-hyperlipidemic agents and erectile dysfunction treatments. Appropriateness of Proton Pump Inhibitors Prescription in Patients Admitted to a Malaysian Tertiary... Letter to the Editor - Isolated Gastric Tuberculosis Presenting as Haematemesis. The most frequent dosage was at 40 mg once daily. perspectives. trary, antibiotics were not found in the top 10 used drugs in USA, although USA had a similar concern before 1995 and it has been, solved by controlling the prescription of antibiotics (, tional use of antibiotics has two dimensions, improper prescribing, and dispensing. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a. Saudi community. N. Engl. use and wastage among families in Saudi Arabia and Arabian Gulf Countries. The noteworthy result was that no antibiotics or analgesics, were listed on the most utilized drug list of 2010 till 2015 in the, used drugs in USA during the years 2010–2015. Travelers should apply for clearance at their local embassy at least a month before arrival. Improper use of antisecretory drugs in a tertiary care teaching, hospital: an observational study. Early in 2019, the country dismissed reports that it would allow hotels and restaurants to serve alcoholic beverages as “fabricated lies”. Medications. It is illegal to import drugs or medical materials that are band in Saudi Arabia or internationally; 2. Our results show that although the etiology of a complex disease can be associated with distinct processes that are affected in different populations, network-based annotations can capture more functional overlap across populations. With regard to attitudes, 25.7% believed that taking antibiotics when having cold symptoms could help them to recover faster, while 39.6% expected antibiotics to be prescribed for common cold symptoms. Even in children with proven reflux esophagitis, GERD is not chronic and relapsing in all; thus, trials of therapy withdrawal are warranted. Hopefully, this study will initiate a, platform for further research on the use of pharmaceutical drugs, and prescribing patterns in Saudi Arabia.

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