3. The author’s word choice can tip the reader off that an ethical appeal is being made. Key terms in AP English Literature and Composition from the Kaplan study guide. Poetry Key Words Alliteration The same letter at the beginning of a two or more of words close together. • Organize an argument as a line of reasoning composed of multiple supporting claims. How to Tackle AP English Literature Multiple Choice Questions!.....!6! anapestic. If Point A equals the claim/thesis and Point B equals the conclusion, then our job in an essay is to get from Point A to Point B. This is a more direct and preferred style of writing in most cases. Before you go onto the next page, make some notes about what you could write about. Quick revise. A modern example is Dudley Randell’s “Ballad of Birmingham.” Blank verse Unrhymed iambic pentameter; common in Shakespeare’s plays and most English-language poetry. Oxymoron is used to characterize conflicting emotions, thoughts, or occurrences. There will also be a … A good, though sometimes sad, example of pathos is a call for donations to cancer research which features the stories or pictures of survivors and sufferers. Kenning: A compound expression in Old English … AP Literature Multiple Choice. LITERARY TERMS . There are 3 good practice tests here with some very challenging questions. Example: An everyday example of an analogy that appears as a simile is “nails on a chalkboard.” Readers understand the assaulting sound of nails on a chalkboard and are encouraged to liken it to some new occurrence that is assaulting or annoying. In the words of Jim Burke, one of the issue’s reviewers, “I stayed up until the wee hours of the morning changing my lesson plans for tomorrow so that I could use some of these … AP English Literature Scoring Rubric, Free-Response Question 1-3 ... of specific words and details from the poem to build an interpretation. English Literature A privileges the process of making autonomous meaning, encouraging students to debate and challenge the interpretations of other readers as they develop their own informed personal responses. AP English … AP Literature Exam: Key Takeaways. Teachers - a copy of the lyrics is available here: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/The-Mrs-Day for free! A … Annotation is also an important part of close reading works of literature. This question sets up many of the others that follow it so make sure you get this one correct. Glossary of Literary Terms Terms of Art Used in the Virtual Classroom Terms for analysis of verse. ", the way words are put together to form phrases, clauses, and sentences, a verse form consisting of three-line stanzas in which the second line of each rhymes with the first and third of the next, in the form ababcb, a generalized, abstract paraphrase of the inferred central or dominant idea or concern of a work, the attitude a literary work takes toward its subject and theme, a drama in which a character (usually good and noble and of high rank) is brought to a disastrous end in his or her confrontation with a superior force due to a fatal flaw in his or her character, a metrical foot in poetry that is the opposite of iambic, with the first syllable stressed and the second not: "BY the SHORES of GITCHee GUMee,/BY the SHINing BIG-Sea-WATer", the third part of plot structure, the point at which the action stops rising and begins falling or reversing; also called the climax, a verse form consisting of 19 lines divided into six stanzas - five tercets and one quatrain; the first and third lines of the first tercet rhyme, and this rhyme is repeated through each of the next four tercets and in the last two lines of the concluding quatrain, the acknowledged or unacknowledged source of the words of the story; the "person" telling the story or poem. The AP English Literature and Composition Exam is 3 hours long and broken up into two sections. Throughout the exam, students identify literary techniques and craft essays that explicate and dissect poetry and prose passages. Knowing the key vocabulary of AP English literature can help students recognize these techniques and ace the challenging test. Purpose: Often, ellipsis is used to omit some parts of a sentence or even an entire story, forcing the reader to figuratively fill in the gaps. How to Annotate Literature. That being said, it is no walk in the park. The movement of syllables within a line or verse. STUDY. The AP Literature exam is a three-hour test that includes an hour-long multiple-choice section based on five prose and poetry passages and with 55 questions, and a … anachronism. Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. The English Literature and Composition exam is one of the most popular AP exams among self-studiers and enrolled students alike. How to Annotate Literature. Example: One everyday example of an allusion is “This place is a Garden of Eden.” Literally, the place probably isn’t evocative of the biblical Garden of Eden in the Book of Genesis, but the intended meaning is that the setting is a paradise. Example: One of the best examples is the phrase “I’m dying to…” One is literally not dying to see someone or do something, but the exaggeration intends to show affection or intense longing while maintaining a humorous tone. a reference to a literary or historical event, person, or place. ... Flashcard Terms Test. Start studying AP English Literature and Composition Chapter 6 Key Terms. AP® English Literature Rhetorical Terms 1. Key terms in AP English Literature and Composition from the Kaplan study guide. Annotating helps students recognize symbolism, double meanings, and other literary devices. The repetition of certain sounds creates emphasizes not only the words in the passage themselves but on the pattern, creating a musical effect. A comparison of one thing with another, where the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ are used. The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know. The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite of what the writer intends to achieve a humorous effect or to add emphasis. AP English Literature and Composition Standards from College Board Course Description Reading Goals R1: The student reads works from several genres and periods—from the sixteenth to the twenty-first … Irony: The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Act 3 Scene 5. Essay 1: An analysis of a poem. Examples: the clock and book mentioned in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar. The AP language exam … Example: An easy way to think of consonance is to remember tongue twisters like “She sells sea shells down by the sea shore.”. The use of words with matching sounds, usually at the end of each line. Purpose: Alliteration highlights a particular part of a piece through the repetition of initial consonants. Last year, only 10.6% ... allows the key concepts to be … Consider whether there are literary terms you’re unfamiliar with. FLASHBACK a scene that interrupts the normal … The true purpose of imagery is to create a visual imagination of the scenarios or things being described. Section I (One hour) 45 percent of total score 55 multiple-choice questions based on 2 or 3 poems and 2 or 3 passages of fiction. Section II (Two hours) 55 percent of total score 3 essays. ", a sentence grammatically complete and usually stating its main idea before the end, originally designated poems meant to be sung to the accompaniment of a lyre; now any short poem in which the speaker expresses intense personal emotion rather than describing a narrative or dramatic situation, a misleading term for theme; the central statement or idea of a story, misleading because it suggests a simple, packaged statement that pre-exists and for the simple communication of which the story was written, one thing pictured as if it were something else, suggesting a likeness or analogy between them, the more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry, a figure of speech in which an attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something: "The White House announced today," "The pen is mightier than the sword. Example: Examples of pathetic appeals are, once more, bound to diction. allusion. Purpose: Analogies are typically used to clarify or explain an author’s idea to the reader by likening a new idea to an older, better known one. Welcome to ITS Tutorial School's comprehensive source of definitions for terms related to English Literature . A vocabulary list featuring AP English Lit exam terms. ", treating an abstraction or nonhuman object as if it were a person by endowing it with human qualities, the voice or figure of the author who tells and structures the story and who may or may not share the values of the actual author (e.g. Antecedent - The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun. AP Literature & Composition Basic Poetry Terms Types of Poems Ballad A narrative poem that is usually sung or recited, with a regular meter and rhyme; popular in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. This course framework provides a description of what students should know and be able to do to qualify for college credit or placement. Purpose: An oxymoron is a juxtaposition of two opposing words with the intended effect of creating emphasis through the nonsensical nature of this device. Rhythm. In 2019, a total of 380,136 students took the AP Literature exam, making it the third most favored AP exam, trailing only English Language and U.S. History in popularity. Hey! alliteration. The repetition of the same initial consonants of words or of stressed syllables in any sequence of neighboring words. alliteration. AP® English Language and Composition Exam SECTION I: Multiple-Choice Questions DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO. previous exams by Googling “AP English Language and Composition Exam: 101 Key Terms.” (Yep, AP English Language—not a typo). Thanks for the information, i am bookmarking it for future updates. Many tests and exams in English literature want you to be familiar with some key terms, such as stanza, irony, alliteration, speaker, and figurative language. Purpose: Pathos is a term used to identify an appeal to the pathetic. Think about the key words in the essay question (Capulet, Juliet, attitudes, relationship). the organization or arrangement of the various elements in a work, a person, place, thing, event, or pattern in a literary work that designates itself and at the same time figuratively represents or "stands for" something else, when a part is used to signify a whole: "All hands on deck," "He stole five hundred head of longhorns. Scoring Guide for AP English Literature Essays—Key Words Author: Danny R. Lawrence Last modified by: Jacqueline Keeler Created Date: 8/30/2011 12:45:00 PM Company: Home Other titles: Scoring Guide for AP English Literature Essays—Key Words • Commentary may fail to integrate some evidence or fail to support a key claim. This is the official AP English Literature practice exam that was released by the College Board in 2012. Figurative … Purpose: A hyperbole involves exaggeration in order to create emphasis. This heavily depends on the reader being not only invested but also immersed in the story enough to care about what happens during those gaps. couplet: A pair of rhyming verse lines. The units in AP English Literature and Composition scaffold skills and knowledge through three genre-based, recurring units. 1. Attention: This post was written a few years ago and may not reflect the latest changes in the AP® program. Similes and metaphors are common forms. When facing a large vocabulary list such as this one, it’s easy to look at and consider it as a whole, a practice that creates a lot of unnecessary stress. AP English Literature and Composition Exam Free-Response Question and Scoring Information Archive. there were no clocks; they used sundials to tell time. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This list will help. Thank you for your patience! Example: “The wind whispers” is a fitting example of personification. Master the™ AP® English Literature and Composition Exam Bonus Information You will find three types of notes in the margins of the Master the™ AP® English Literature and Composition Exam book to … Purpose: The purpose of an appeal to ethos, an ethical appeal, is to establish the speaker’s credibility through exposition of that speaker’s character. These resources provide additional guidelines on annotating literature. Allegory: Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in a text are equated with … The movement was characterized by a celebration of nature and the common man, a focus on individual experience, an idealization of women, and an embrace of isolation and melancholy. locating something at a time when it couldn't have existed . allegory. Notice repetitive words, phrases, and thoughts. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Words which are inaccurate if interpreted literally, but are used to describe. Example: Examples of diction are present throughout whatever piece you’re reading. The AP® English Literature rhetorical terms defined and described below are only a sampling of the many concepts that could appear on the test. While you’re not likely to be expected to have comprehensive knowledge of literary terminology, understanding some of these key concepts will be important to your success. Every work of literature has a point of view, and so there are essentially endless examples of point of view in literature. Purpose: A writer utilizes irony to show that the words they use do not necessarily represent their intended meaning. a prose or poetic narrative in which the characters, behavior, or setting demonstrate multiple levels of meaning or significance. These opposing words or clauses are placed in close proximity within a sentence in order to create a focal point for the reader. Try not to consider the list as a whole. a prose or poetic narrative in which the characters, behavior, or setting demonstrate multiple levels of … If you are a student looking for AP® review guides, check out: The Best 2020 AP® Review Guides. Visually descriptive or figurative language. Look for clues in word choice that indicate an appeal to the emotions of an individual. Kenning: A compound expression in Old English and Old Norse poetry with metaphorical meaning, e.g. Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. A brief biography of many well known authors has also been included. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Purpose: Diction is the umbrella term used to identify an author’s choice of words. (With number (With number one being the most commonly seen and number 50 being the least. Usually in a poem. You’ll know exactly where to find them when you need them if you study them in parts. Don’t try to memorize 100 key terms two days before the exam. A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. A reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing that is known from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science, or pop culture. For over five years, hundreds of thousands of students have used Albert to build confidence and score better on their SAT®, ACT®, AP, and Common Core tests. A characteristic spirit of a given culture, era, or community or its beliefs; Ethos, in purely rhetorical terms, is a label used to identify an appeal to the ethics of a culture or individual. There is no formula … AP LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION VOCABULARY LIST 1 AP English 11 Advanced Placement Language and Composition Vocabulary Abstract: Opposed to concrete, not quantifiable Adjective: modifies, alters, changes a noun Adverb: modifies, alters, changes a verb Aesthetic: the study or philosophy of beauty in art, literature … This is the official AP English Literature practice exam that was released by the College Board in 2012. Each practice test has 11 multiple choice questions along with detailed explanations. Start your AP® exam prep today. Identifying an ethical appeal will be of particular use to readers when analyzing the work of the ancients. Unlike other figurative language devices, hyperbole creates emphasis through the humorous effect that is created by the author’s overstatement. A. scientific; B. satirical; C. forthright; D. humanitarian; E. sadistic; Correct Answer: B Explanation: B As is often the case on the real exam, this first passage, taken from Jonathan Swift’s "A Modest Proposal" is a relatively easy one. The Advanced Placement English literature exam is an assessment of a student's mastery of analysis and writing skills. Educators looking for AP® exam prep: Try Albert free for 30 days! Purpose: A writer might employ personification in order to apply human characteristics to something nonhuman, thus furthering the writer’s use of imagery and figurative language. Kickstart your AP® English Literature prep with Albert. Conquering the multiple-choice section of the English Literature AP® exam depends in part on being able to identify and understand certain essential literary concepts, known in this article as rhetorical terms. This word is sure to impress your English teacher, so you should remember to use it in your next essay! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. However, figuratively speaking, the beginning of a new day signifies a new start. If you are using assistive technology and need help … GCSE English Key Words The vocabulary you need to succeed! Accentual Verse: Verse in which the metre depends upon counting a fixed number of stresses (which are also known as 'accents') in a line, but which does not take account of unstressed syllables. 1. Purpose: Alliteration highlights a particular part of a piece through the repetition of initial... 2. Teachers - a copy of the lyrics is available here: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/The-Mrs-Day for free! It covers a wide range of terms, concepts and theories related to English literature. Get access to thousands of standards-aligned practice questions. oar-steed = ship. A valuable resource for test prep that will give you practice with real AP questions. A device used to create contrast by placing two parallel but opposite ideas in a sentence. ", a feeling or ambiance resulting from the tone of the piece as well as the writer/narrator's attitude and point of view, a recurrent device, formula, or situation that often serves as a signal for the appearance of a character or event, a textual organization based on sequences of connected events, usually presented in a straightforward, chronological framework, the character who "tells" the story, or in poetry, the persona, a poem written about or for a specific occasion, public or private, a lyric poem that is somewhat serious in subject and treatment, is elevated in style, and sometimes uses elaborate stanza structure, which is often patterned in sets of three; often written to praise or exalt a person, quality, characteristic, or object, also called unlimited focus; a perspective that can be seen from one character's view, then another's, then another's and can be moved at any time, a word capturing or approximating the sound of what it describes: "buzz," "clank", exaggerated language also called hyperbole, a figure of speech that combines to apparently contradictory elements: "jumbo shrimp," "deafening silence", a short fictional story that illustrates an explicit moral lesson through the use of analogy, a statement that seems contradictory but may actually be true: "fight for peace", the use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts: "Jane likes reading, writing, and skiing," NOT "Martha takes notes quickly, thoroughly, and in a detailed manner. 1.Essential literary terms for understanding poetry. AP English Language & Composition SAT Vocabulary Lists #1-13 This handout will review the SAT words that are commonly addressed on not only your SAT test, but also your AP CollegeBoard test. Usually used to stress something. With all of this AP Language and Composition vocabulary at your disposal, you'll be a top-notch rhetorical analyst in no time!Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. Quatrain. AP English Literature: Help and Review ... A lot of that discipline's key thinkers - names you might recognize like Nietzsche, Sartre, Marx - have contributed to literary theory a lot. AP® English Literature and Composition Directions for Administration The AP English Literature and Composition Exam is three hours in length and consists of a multiple-choice section and a free … In many cases, consonance appears in poetry as a device used to create slant rhymes. If you are giving the alternate exam for late testing, say: It is Friday morning, May 25, and you will be taking the AP English Literature … Sonnet. Question: 1. Join our newsletter to get updated when we release new learning content! character who appears in a number of stories or plays such as the cruel stepmother, the femme fatale, etc. The AP English Literature and Composition Exam has consistent question types, weighting, and scoring guidelines every year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day. I personally found writing the words and their definitions over and over again, an approach known as inculcation, to be the best way for me to master this vocabulary before I took the AP® English Literature exam. Mention you heard about us from our blog to fast-track your app. These resources provide additional guidelines on annotating literature. A brief biography of many well known authors has also been included. Purpose: Allusion allows the … Create flashcards with these terms either online or by hand. Example: A well-known example of antithesis is “Speech is silver, but silence is gold.” The two opposites, speech and silence, are compared to one another by using the stratified value of silver and gold. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. AP English Literature and Composition Exam Past Papers. The AP English Literature and Composition Exam is 3 hours long and broken up into two sections. Key Takeaways: Romanticism in Literature Romanticism is a literary movement spanning roughly 1790–1850. If you are interested in taking the AP Literature exam—and are taking a class or self … Don’t try to memorize 100 key terms … The majority of Germanic poetry (including Old English) is of this type. Learn how your comment data is processed. A vocabulary list featuring AP English Lit exam terms. Further, irony can be manifest as a situation that does not pan out the way that the audience, speaker, or characters believe it will. The Periods of English Literature. Irony: The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. ", a comparison of two unlikely things that is drawn out within a piece of literature, particularly a piece of extended metaphor within a poem, what is suggested by a word, apart from what it implicitly describes, the repetition of a sequence of two or more consonants, but with a change in the intervening vowels: "pitter-patter, pish-posh", two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter that together present a single idea or connections: "So long as men can breathe or eyes can see/So long lives this and this gives life to thee. A valuable resource for test prep that will give you practice with real AP questions. This is a great set of AP English Literature flashcards from Quizlet which covers 235 key vocabulary words. Albert.io offers the best practice questions for high-stakes exams and core courses spanning grades 6-12. a prose or poetic narrative in which the characters, behavior, or setting demonstrate multiple levels of meaning or significance. It covers a wide range of terms, concepts and theories related to English literature. Terms in this set (120) allegory. This text can best be described as. After reading a myriad of essays containing simple words like “wrong” and “flawed”, your teacher will be refreshed by your vast vocabulary! They typically appear as similes that allow the reader to more easily understand the author’s meaning. We know and see that a large man is not, in fact, tiny, yet we employ the nickname ironically. However, these 15 terms are some of the must-know concepts necessary for success in the English Literature exam. An intentionally exaggerated statement or claim not meant to be taken literally but creating a desired humorous effect. Consider the lofty or lowly word choice such as the formal “ye” versus the informal “you.”, When one or more words are omitted from a sentence. 3. If you are gearing up to take the Advanced Placement English Literature exam, you better be able to distinguish between your elegies and your allegories! AP English Language and Composition is considered one of the best APs to start a student [s AP career. adult Scout in 'To Kill a Mockingbird,' Watson in 'Sherlock Holmes'), a sonnet form that divides the poem into one section of eight lines (octave) and a second section of six lines (sestet) usually following the abba abba cde cde rhyme scheme; also called an Italian sonnet, the arrangement of the narration based on the cause-effect relationship of the events, the main character in a work, who may or may not be heroic, the practice in literature of attempting to describe nature and life without idealism and with attention to detail, a repeated stanza or line(s) in a poem or song, a question that is simply asked for stylistic effect and is not expected to be answered, the repetition of the same or similar sounds, most often at the ends of lines, the modulation of weak and strong elements in the flow of speech, the development of action in a work, usually at the beginning, a form of verbal irony in which apparent praise is actually harshly or bitterly critical, a literary work that holds up human failings to ridicule and censure, the time and place of the action in a story, poem, or play, a sonnet form that divides the poem into three units of four lines each and a final unit of two lines, usually abab cdcd efef gg; also called an English sonnet, another name for concrete poetry, poetry that is shaped to look like an object, a direct, explicit comparison of one thing to another, using the words 'like' or 'as', a monologue in which the character in a play is alone and speaking only to himself or herself, the person, not necessarily the author, who is the voice of a poem, a section of a poem demarcated by extra line spacing, a characterization based on conscious or unconscious assumptions that some aspect, such as gender, age, ethnic or national identity, religion, occupation, marital status, and so on, are predictable accompanied by certain character traits, action, and even values, main character that actually represents all people. If you're an educator interested in trying Albert, click the button below to learn about our pilot program. This glossary of literary terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts used in the discussion, classification, analysis, and criticism of all types of literature, such as poetry, novels, and picture books, as well as of grammar, syntax, and language techniques.For a more complete glossary of terms relating to poetry in particular, see Glossary of poetry terms Exam: 101 Key Terms.” (Yep, AP English Language—not a typo). Assonance The repetition of two or more vowel sounds or of two or more consonant sounds, close together. Purpose: Consonance is, again, a device used by writers in order to create focus on a particular part of a piece. Over 850 terms … Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Consider the 15 rhetorical terms below the first set of words for you to study. Symbols represent something more than their literal meanings. PLAY. THE AP ENGLISH LITERATURE &COMPOSITION TEST MEASURES YOUR ABILITY TO READ AND WRITE ANALYTICALLY. AP English … Example: A good example of ellipsis is “I went to the park, and she went too.” The reader can infer that she also went to the park, though “to the park” is omitted from the second clause. Select the one that is best in each case. a prose or poetic narrative in which the characters, behavior, or setting demonstrate multiple levels of meaning or significance, the sequential repetition of a similar initial sound, a reference to a literary or historical event, person, or place, a metrical foot in poetry that consists of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one: "Twas the NIGHT before CHRISTmas", the regular repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses, a brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature, any character or force that is in opposition to the main character, or protagonist, the juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, an address or invocation to something that is inanimate, recurrent designs, patterns of action, character types, themes, or images which are identifiable in a wide range of literature, a repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds, a style in which conjunctions are omitted, the sense expressed by the tone of voice and/or mood of a piece of writing, a narrative poem that is, or originally was, meant to be sung, a common stanza form, consisting of a quatrain (stanza of four lines) that alternates four-beat (iambic tetrameter) and three-beat (iambic trimeter) lines: "In SCARlet TOWN where I was BORN/ there LIVED a FAIR maid DWELLin'", the verse form that most resembles common speech, consisting of unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter, a pause in a line of verse, indicated by natural speech patterns rather than specific metrical patterns, a depiction in which a character's characteristics or features are so deliberately exaggerated as to render them absurd, a figure of speech by which the order of the terms in the first of two parallel clauses is reversed in the second: "Pleasure is a sin, and sometimes sin's a pleasure.